U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers

John J Abert

Bibliography of
Topographical Engineers
Western Exploration

Col. John J. Abert, Chief,
Topographical Engineers

Beers, Henry P"A History of the U.S. Topographical Engineers, 1813-1863." 2 pts. Mil Engr 34 (Jun 1942): pp. 287-91 & (Jul 1942): pp. 348-52. .

Bennett, J.A. 1987 The Divided Circle. A History of Instruments of Astronomy, Navigation and Surveying. Phaidon - Christie's Ltd., Oxford.

Bierce, Ambrose.  Ambrose Bierce's Civil War:  Wings Books, New York, 1996.

Blackburn, Forrest R. "The Army in Western Exploration." Mil Rev 60 (Sep 1971): pp. 75-90.

Bond, P. S., 1916, The Engineer in War.  New York: McGraw-Hill

Bowditch, J. Ingersoll, 1844, Bowditch's Useful Tables.  New York:  E. & G. W. Blunt.

Bowditch, Nathaniel 1848 The New American Practical Navigator: Being an Epitome of Navigation, Containing All the Tables Necessary to be Used with the Nautical Almanac in Determining Latitude, and the Longitude by Lunar Observations, and Keeping a Complete Reckoning at Sea; etc. E.&G.W. Blunt, Boston, 458 pp.

Bowditch, Nathaniel 1868 The New American Practical Navigator: Being an Epitome of Navigation, Containing All the Tables Necessary to be Used with the Nautical Almanac in Determining Latitude, and the Longitude by Lunar Observations, and Keeping a Complete Reckoning at Sea; etc. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 460 pp.

Brodhead, Michael J. "James W. Abert: Soldier, Explorer, and Artist." Journal of America's Military Past, v27 (Spring/Summer 2000): pp 65-75.

Campbell, Archibald and Captain W. J. Twining. Reports upon the survey of the boundary between the territory of the United States and the possessions of Great Britain from the Lake of the Woods to the summit of the Rocky Mountains : authorized by an act of Congress approved March 19, 1872. United States Northern Boundary Commission.; United States. Dept. of State Washington : G.P.O., 1878

Cleaves, Freeman.   Meade of Gettysburg.  University of Oklahoma Press, 1960

Cram, Thomas Jefferson. 1840:  Report on the Surveys of the Boundary between the State of Michigan & the Territory of Wiskonsinunpublished Journals of Captain T. J. Cram of the United States Corps of Topographical Engineers.

Cram, Thomas Jefferson, Topographical Memoir. Ye Galleon Press, Fairfield, Washington, 1977;  a reprint of the 1859 edition published by the U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers and issued as Ex Doc no. 114, 35th Congress, 2nd Session, House of Representatives.

Davies, Charles, 1844.  Elements of Surveying and Navigation; with a description of the instruments and the necessary tables (Eighth Edition).  Philadelphia:  A. S. Barnes & Co.

Dellenbaugh, Frederick S. 1914.  Frémont and `49: The story of a remarkable career and its relation to the exploration and development of our western territory, especially of California. New York.

Duane, J. C., 1862, Manual for Engineer Troops.  New York:  D. Van Nostrand.

Eastman, S., 1837, Treatise on Topographical Drawing.  New York:  Wiley and Putnam.

Eastman, Seth.  A Seth Eastman Sketchbook, 1848 - 1849. University of  Texas  Press, Austin, 1961.

Edwards, Frank S. 1847.  A Campaign in New Mexico with Colonel Doniphan. reprinted by University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

Emory, William H. 1848.  Notes of a Military Reconnoissance from Fort Leavenworth in Missouri to San Diego, in California. 30th Congress, 1st session, Senate Document No. 7.

Emory, William H. Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, Made Under the Direction of the Secretary of the Interior, House of Representatives Exec. Doc. No. 135, 34th Congress, 1st Session.

Ernst, O.HA Manual of Practical Military Engineering.... NY: Van Nostrand, 1873. 296 p.

Featherstonhaugh, Albany.and William de Wiveleslie Abney (Sir). Narrative of the operations of the British North American Boundary Commission, 1872-76 . Woolwich, England: A.W. & J.P. Jackson, 1876.

Flores, Dan L., ed. Jefferson and Southwest Exploration: The Freeman & Custis Accounts of the Red River Expedition of 1806. Norman: U of Okla, 1984.

Foreman, Grant, ed. Adventure on Red River:  Report on the Exploration of the Headwaters of the Red River by Captain Randolph B. Marcy and Captain G. B. McClellan. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman

Franzwa, Gregory M. 1989 Maps of the Santa Fe Trail. The Patrice Press, St. Louis, Missouri, 196 pp.

Frémont, John C. 1845 Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-`44. Washington, D.C. U.S. Congress. Senate. 30th Cong., 1st sess, 1848, S. Exec. Doc. 7.

Galvin, John (ed).  Western America in 1846 - 1847; The Original Travel Diary of Lieutenant J. W. Abert.  John Howell - Books, San Francisco, 1966.

Galvin, John (ed).  Through the Country of the Comanche Indians in the Fall of the Year 1845;  The Journal of a U.S. Army Expedition led by Lieutenant James W. Abert of the Topographical Engineers.  John Howell - Books, San Francisco, 1970.

Gardner, Mark and Simmons, Marc (eds.) The Mexican War Correspondence of Richard Smith Elliott. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Goetzmann, William HArmy Exploration in the American West, 1803-1863. New Haven, CT: Yale U, 1959. 509 p.

Goetzmann, William HExploration and Empire. New York, NY. Alfred A. Knopf, 1967

Goetzmann, William H.  New Lands, New Men -- America and the Second Great Age of Discovery:  Texas State Historical Association, Austin, 1995

Green, LewisThe Boundary Hunters: Surveying the 141st Meridian and the Alaska Panhandle. Vancouver: U of British Columbia, 1982. 214 p.

Gudde, Erwin G. and Elisabeth K. Gudde 1958 Exploring with Frémont. The Private Diaries of Charles Preuss, Cartographer for John C. Frémont on His First, Second, and Fourth Expeditions to the Far West. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

Hall, Dawn (ed). Drawing the Borderline -- Artist-Explorers of the U.S. - Mexico Boundary Survey:  Albuquerque Museum, Albuquerque, 1996.

Hardwick, Bonnie S. "Science and Art: The Travel Writings of the Great Surveys of the American West after the Civil War." PhD diss, U of PA, 1977. 360 p.

Haswell, Chas. H., 1846.  Engineers' and Mechanics' Pocket-Book (New Edition). New York: Harper & Brothers.

Haswell, Chas. H., 1853.  Engineers' and Mechanics' Pocket-Book (Eighth Edition). New York: Harper & Brothers.

Haswell, Chas. H., 1869.  Engineers' and Mechanics' Pocket-Book (Twenty-fourth Edition). New York: Harper & Brothers.

Haswell, Chas. H., 1889.  Mechanic's and Engineer's Pocket-Book of Tables, Rules, and Formulas Pertaining to Mechanics, Mathematics, and Physics:  Including Areas, Squares, Cubes, and Roots, etc.;  Logarithms, Hydraulics, Hydrodynamics, Steam and the Steam Engine, Naval Architecture, Masonry, Steam Vessels, Mills, etc.;  Limes, Mortars, Cements, etc.; Orthography of Technical Words and Terms, etc., etc. Fifty-third Edition, Harper& Brothers Publishers, Franklin Square, New York.

Hayden, F.V. 1876 Annual Report of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, Embracing Colorado and Parts of Adjacent Territories; being a Report of Progress of the Exploration for the Year 1874. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Haydon, F. Stansbury.  Military Ballooning during the early Civil War. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Hine, Robert VIn the Shadow of Fremont: Edward Kern and the Art of Exploration, 1845-1860. Norman: U of OK, 1982.

Hine, Robert VBartlett's West:  Drawing the Mexican Boundary.  Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1968.

Hodges, Harry FRoster of Service with Engineer Troops of the United States Army and a Brief Historical Sketch of Their Organization. n.p., 1885.

Holt, W. StullThe Office of the Chief of Engineers of the Army: Its Non-Military History, Activities, and Organization. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1923.

Huseman, Ben W.  Wild River, Timeless Canyons -- Baldwin Mollhausen's Watercolors of the Colorado:  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1995.

Jackson, Donald and Mary Lee Spence (eds.) 1970 The Expeditions of John Charles Frémont. Vol. 1, Travels from 1838 to 1844. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 854 pp.

Jackson, Donald T. Jefferson & the Stony Mountains. Urbana: U of IL, 1981. 339 p.

Jackson, William TWagon Roads West. n.p., 1952. 422 p.

Katcher, Philip, (ed), 1998, Building the Victory, The Order Book of the Volunteer Engineers, Army of the Potomac October 1863-May 1865: White Mane Publishing, Shippensburg, Pennsylvania.

Lee, T. J., 1853, A Collection of Tables and Formulae useful in Surveying, Geodesy, and Practical Astronomy, including Elements for the Projection of Maps (Second Edition).  Number 3, Papers relating to the duties of the Corps of Topographical Engineers; Washington:  Taylor & Maury.

Lendy, Captain, 1864, A Practical Course of Military Surveying Including the Principles of Topographical Drawing.  London: Atchley & Co.

Long, Stephen Harriman.  The Northern Expeditions of Stephen H. Long: The Journals of 1817 and 1823 and Related Documents.  James Edward Colhoun and Lucile M. Kane, editors. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1978.

Long, Stephen Harriman. From Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains: Major Stephen Long's Expedition, 1819-1820. Ed by Maxine Benson. Golden, CO: Fulcrum, 1988.

Magoffin, Susan Shelby. 1982. Down  the Santa Fe Trail and into Mexico. Drumm, Stella M. (ed.)  Univ. Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

Meade, George GordonReport of the survey of the North and Northwest Lakes:  being Appendix I of the Report of the Chief Topographical Engineer, accompanying Annual Report of the Secretary of War, 1858

McCoun, Richard A. "General George Brinton McClellan from West Point to the Peninsula." PhD diss, Calif State Univ, Fullerton, 1973. 249 p. Microfilm, D-M80.

McElfresh, Earl B.  1999.  Maps and Mapmakers of the Civil War.  Harry N. Abrams, New York.

des Montaignes, Francois.  The Plains: Being no less than a Collection of Veracious Memoranda taken  during the Expedition of Exploration in the year 1845, From the western settlements of Missouri to the Mexican Border, and from Bent's Fort on the Arkansas to Fort Gibson, via South Fork of Canadian -- North Mexico and North-western Texas.  Nancy Mower and Don Russell, editors, reprinted by University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

McNitt, Frank (ed.), 2003. Navaho Expedition: Journal of a Military Reconnaissance from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Navaho Country, Made in 1849 by Lieutenant James H. Simpson. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Nicollet, J. N., Esq. Essay on Meteorological Observations.  (United States) War Department, 1839.

Nicollet, J. N., Esq.  Report Intended to Illustrate A Map of the Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River. U.S. Congress, Senate, 26th Cong., 2d Session., 1841. Senate Doc 237.

Norris, L. David, James C. Milligan, and Odie B. FaulkWilliam H. Emory: Soldier-Scientist.  University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1998.

Phillipps, David.  Maps of the Civil War -- The Roads They Took:  Barnes and Noble Books, New York, 1999.

Pope, John 1854 Report of Exploration of a Route for the Pacific Railroad, Near the Thirty-Second Parallel of Latitude, from the Red River to the Rio Grande. U.S. Congress. House., 33rd Cong. 1st sess., 1854. H. Doc. 129.

Rabbitt, Mary CA Brief History of the U.S. Geological Survey. Wash, DC: US Geological Survey, 1979. 48 p.

Reed, Charles Wellington and Eric A. Campbell (ed). A Grand Terrible Dramma: From Gettysburg to Petersburg: The Civil War Letters of Charles Wellington Reed. Fordham University Press. 2000.

Reinhartz, Dennis and C. C. Colley (eds.).  The Mapping of the American Southwest:  Texas A&M University Press, College Station, 1987.

Robinson, William M., Jr.  "The U.S. Topographical Engineers."  The Military Engineer Vol. 23, no. 130, (July-August 1931): pp. 303-306

Ronda, James P., 2003,  Beyond Lewis and Clark: The Army Explores the West:  Tacoma: Washington State Historical Society.

Root, E. A., 1901, Military Topography and Sketching (Fourth Edition).  Kansas City:  Hudson-Kimberly Publishing.

Ryan, Garry D. "War Department Topographical Bureau, 1831-1863." PhD diss, American University, 1968. (available from UMI Dissertation Services, Ann Arbor, MI).

Sandweiss, Martha A, and others. Eyewitness to War:  Prints  and Daguerreotypes of the Mexican War, 1846-1848. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wash 1989

Schubert, Frank N., ed. The Nation Builders: A Sesquicentennial History of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, 1838-1863. Ft Belvoir: Office of Hist, Corps of Engrs, 1988.

Schubert, Frank N., ed.   Vanguard of Expansion: Army Engineers in the Trans-Mississippi West, 1819-1879. Wash, DC: GPO, n.d. 160 p.

Schubert, Frank N., ed.  March to South Pass:  Lieutenant William B. Franklin's Journal of the Kearny Expedition of 1845 Engineer Historical Studies, no. 1, GPO, Wash, DC.

Schubert, Frank N., ed. Explorer on the Western  Plains: Lieutenant Gouverneur K. Warren's Preliminary Report of Explorations in Nebraska  and Dakota, in the Years  1855-57.  Engineer Historical Studies, no. 2, GPO, Wash, DC.

Scribner, J. M., A. M., 1847  Engineer's, Contractor's and Surveyor's Pocket Table-Book.  New York:  Huntington & Savage.

Sherrill, C. O., 1910, Military Topography for the Mobile Forces.  Menasha, Wis.:  George Banta Publishing Co.

Simpson, J. H., 1869, Coronado's March in Search of the "Seven Cities of Cibola," and Discussion of their Probable Location.  (from)  The Smithsonian Report for 1869, Washington, 1884.

Smith, R. S., 1853, A Manual of Topographical Drawing (Second Edition).  New York:  Wiley and Halsted.

Sneden, Robert Knox, Nelson D. Lankford (Editor), Charles F. Bryan, Jr. (Editor).  Eye of the Storm: A Civil War Odyssey  The Free Press,   2000.

Stephenson, Richard W.  "An Unfamiliar Country:  Mapping Virginia During the Civil War."  Virginia Cavalcade, vol. 48, no. 1, Winter 1999, pp 24 - 35.

Strother, David Hunter.  A Virginia Yankee in the Civil War:  The Diaries of David Hunter Strother.  edited by Cecil D Eby, Jr. Chapel Hill:  Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1961.

Stuart, Edwin R., 1918, Map Reading and Topographical Sketching.  McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Stunkel, Kenneth R. "Military Scientists of the American West." Army 13 (May 1963): pp. 50-52, 54, 56 & 58.

Symons, Thomas W. "The Army and the Exploration of the West." Jour Mil Srv Inst US 4 (1883): pp. 205-49.

Tate, Michael L. "The Multi-Purpose Army on the Frontier: A Call for Further Research." The American West. Ed by Ronald Lora. OH: U of Toledo, 1980. pp. 171-208. Misc File: US Army, 19th Cent.

Tidball, Eugene C., 2004.  Soldier-Artist of the Great Reconnaissance: John C. Tidball and the 35th Parallel Survey. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press.

Tomer, John S. and Michael J. Brodhead (eds.) A Naturalist in Indian Territory: The Journals of S. W. Woodhouse, 1849-1850. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.

Traas, Adrian G. From the Golden Gate to Mexico City - The U. S. Army Topographical Engineers in the Mexican War, 1846 - 1848. Wash., DC, CMH Pub 70-10 (GPO), 1992.

Thrapp, Dan LEncyclopedia of Frontier Biography. 3 vols. Spokane, WA: Clark, 1990.

Thrower, Norman J.W. 1990 William H. Emory and the Mapping of the American Southwest Borderlands. Terrae Incognitae, 22: 41-92.

Thwaites, Reuben Gold (ed.) 1959 Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804-1806. Antiquarian Press Ltd., New York.

Twitchell, Ralph Emerson,1909 The Military Occupation of New Mexico, 1846-1851.  Smith-Brooks, Denver.

United States Army. Chief of EngineersHistorical Sketch of the Corps of Engineers and Remarks upon Its Organization and Duties.... Wash, DC: GPO, 1876. 43 p. .

United States Army. Corps of Engineers. Report of explorations across the great basin of the territory of Utah for a direct wagon-route from Camp Floyd to Genoa, in Carson Valley, in 1859, by Captain J. H. Simpson.  Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1876.

United States Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers. An expedition to the valley of the Great salt lake of Utah: including a description of its geography, natural history, and minerals, and an analysis of its waters; with an authentic account of the Mormon settlement ... Also, a reconnoissance of a new route through the Rocky mountains, and two large and accurate maps of that region, by Captain Howard Stansbury. Philadelphia, Lippincott, Grambo and Co., 1855.

United States Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers. Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah, including a reconnoissance of a new route through the Rocky Mountains, by Captain Howard Stansbury. Philadelphia, Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1852.

United States Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers. Report of an expedition down the Zuni and Colorado rivers, by Captain Lorenzo Sitgreaves. Washington, R. Armstrong, public printer, 1853.

United States Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers. Narrative of the March of Co A, Engineers, from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to Fort Bridger, Utah, and Return, May 6 to October 3, 1858,  by William P. Seville.

United States Army. Corps of Topographical Engineers. Report upon the Colorado River of the West, explored in 1857 and 1858,  by Lieut. Joseph C. Ives.  Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1861.

United States War Department. Reports of explorations and surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.  Made under the direction of the Secretary of War, in 1853-4. House of Representatives Exec. Doc. No. 91, 33d Congress, 2d Session.  Nicholson, Washington, 1856.

Wallace, Andrew. "Across Arizona to the Big Colorada: The Sitgreaves Expedition of 1851." AZ & West (1984): pp. 325-64. 

Wallace, Edward S. The Great Reconnaissance. Boston: Little, Brown, 1955. 288 p.

Warner, Deborah Jean1990 Gambey's American Customers. Rittenhouse. The Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise, 4(3): 65-78.

Webb, James Josiah  Adventures in the Santa Fe Trade, 1844-1847. Ralph P. Bieber, ed. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

Wheeler, George M. Progress-Report upon Geographical and Geological Explorations and Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian in 1872. Wash, DC: GPO, 1874.  

Whipple, A.W. 1856 Report of Explorations for a Railroad Route, Near the Thirty-Fifth Parallel of North Latitude from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. In Pacific Railroad Reports, Vol 3, Pt. II.

Wislizenus, F. A., M.D. A Journey to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1839. reprinted by Rio Grande Press, Glorieta, NM.

Wislizenus, F. A., M.D.  Memoir of a Tour to Northern Mexico, connected with Col. Doniphan's Expedition, in 1846 and 1847. 30th Congress, Misc. No. 26. reprinted by Rio Grande Press, Glorieta NM.



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